Johanna Beyer (1888–1944), Germany and United States
Born in Leipzig; moved to New York in 1924, where she studied at the Mannes College of Music. Later she taught at Greenwich House Music School. Her professional circle included Ruth Crawford Seeger, Charles Seeger, and John Cage, and she was considered to belong to the “ultra-modern” American school. Much of her work is for percussion, but she also composed many pieces for chamber ensemble, orchestra, choir, and solo piano.